Kashi, one of the ancient centers of learning has been acclaimed as the virile capital of all Knowledge (Sarva Vidhya Ki Rajdhani). The Hindu scripture Rigveda suggests the city name to be Kashi, a Sanskrit word meaning the "luminous city as an eminent seat of learning". The land of spirituality and intellectual discourse, Varanasi is situated on the banks of the Ganges bounded by the Ganges tributaries river Varuna and Assi. It is one of the oldest living cities in the world.
Sarnath is the place where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. After attaining enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, Bouddha came to Sarnath. He delivered his first sermon and set in motion the wheel of Law (Maha-Dharmachakra Pravartan). On the day just before his death, Buddha included Sarnath along with Lumbini, Bodh Gaya and Kushinagar as the four places to be sacred to his followers.
Varanasi is famous for its Ghats. The ghats are made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions. Varanasi has more than 80 Ghats including Dashashwamedh Ghat, the Manikarnika Ghat, the Panchganga Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat. A morning and an evening boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular tourist attraction.
Varanasi is famous for temples. The temples in Varanasi have great religious and historical importance. There are many temples, erected at different times throughout the history of Varanasi. The most popular temples are Kashi Vishwanath (Temple of Lord Shiva), the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple and the Goddess Durga Temple.
The Chunar Fort is located 14 miles (23 km) south west of Varanasi in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, in India. The fort is skirted by the Ganga on two sides. The fort was first constructed in 56 BC. The first Governor General of India, Warren Hastings also took shelter here when a rebellion broke out in 1781. His house can still be seen in the fort. The fort is often used as a backdrop for TV shows and movies. It is not uncommon to find military presence here as this used to be a part of a training centre of the army.
The Ramnagar Fort is located on the eastern bank of river Ganges. It is the ancestral home of the Maharaja of Banaras. Maharaja Balwant Singh built this fort-palace in the eighteenth century. The fort is built in red sandstone. The Ramnagar fort has a temple and a museum within the grounds. The temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa, who wrote Mahabharata, the great Indian epic.
Banaras Hindu University (commonly known as BHU) is a public central University. The University was established by Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya Ji in 1916. It is one of the largest residential University in Asia with over 35,000 students from over 34 nations. The University is comprised of 6 Institutes, 14 faculties, about 140 departments, 4 advanced centers, and 4 interdisciplinary schools.
IIT (BHU) has 17 academic units including 10 Engineering Departments, 3 Science Departments, 3 Interdisciplinary Schools and 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Section. It is one of the oldest engineering institutes in India which brought up electrical, mechanical, ceramic and pharmaceutical engineering in India. And it has always succeeded to stand with the other old IITs even when it wasn’t one. IIT (BHU) has been admitting students through IIT-JEE only since the inception of JEE.